Call To Shift Focus From Climate Mitigation To Adaptation, Urges Coalition


A diverse assembly of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and experts from academia have jointly appealed to the Federal Government to turn towards prioritizing climate adaptation over mitigation; aimed at tackling the profound impacts of climate change on the female population.

This stance was emphatically expressed during the ongoing 23rd National Council on Women Affairs in Calabar, situated in Cross Rivers State. The group, spearheaded by the Development Research and Projects Centre (DRPC), conveyed its perspective through a panel discussion that centered on Nigeria’s strategies for mobilizing resources to facilitate climate adaptation for women in the agricultural sector and fostering economic empowerment. The panel was an initiative organized in collaboration with the federal Ministry of Women Affairs.

Underlining their viewpoint, the coalition contended that concentrating on adaptation reaps more advantages in ameliorating the aftermath of this environmental phenomenon. Dr. Sa’adatu Umar-Baba, hailing from the Faculty of Environmental Sciences at Kaduna State University, highlighted how the present focus on climate mitigation in Africa and Nigeria is misdirected, given that both the continent and the nation contribute a minimal portion of global emissions. However, they bear a disproportionate share of the consequences due to the actions of more industrialized nations.

Dr. Umar-Baba noted that although Africa has struck a relatively better balance between adaptation and mitigation compared to other regions, climate finance allocations indicate that 49% is allocated to mitigation, followed by 39% for adaptation, with the remaining 12% catering to dual benefits.

She further contrasted this with global trends where adaptation funding constitutes a mere 7% to 16% of total climate financing; highlighting the substantial vulnerability of Africa. Dr. Umar-Baba stressed that to achieve substantial progress, funding for both adaptation and mitigation in Africa needs to increase by at least six and thirteen times, respectively.

Urging action, Dr. Umar-Baba called upon federal and state governments to invest substantially in climate adaptation initiatives. One of her proposals was the establishment of a comprehensive national adaptation framework to provide clarity on the country’s approach to adaptation, consolidating various sectoral adaptation plans for informed decision-making.

Speaking further, she added that while Nigeria has devised numerous national action plans and policy frameworks to enhance its adaptation strategies, our efforts often lean towards climate mitigation; which possesses limited efficacy in addressing the challenges we confront. This is especially true for women, who bear the brunt of the impact.

Preceding her, Mrs. Ifeoma Anyanwu, the Deputy Director of Gender at the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, advocated for the adoption and domestication of the national policy on gender in agriculture at the subnational levels. This, she asserted, would serve as a potent tool for implementing interventions that shield women in agriculture from the repercussions of climate change.

Mrs. Anyanwu emphasized that if the eleven highlighted elements of the national policy were effectively embraced by the 36 states, it could significantly enhance the nation’s adaptation capabilities and boost the economic empowerment of women.

Alhaji Idris Muhammed, the Director of Economic Services at the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs, revealed the government’s commitment to collaborating with both local and international organizations working in the domain of climate mitigation and adaptation. The objective is to optimize opportunities, particularly for Nigerian women.

In a statement issued by Hassan Karofi, the DRPC’s Director of Partnerships Development and Communication, the panel discussion aspires to empower participants at the National Council on Women Affairs with insight that will enable them to make well-informed decisions regarding climate interventions, particularly those that yield benefits for women, especially those engaged in agriculture.




















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